The Gallbladder is like a little balloon attached to the undersurface of the liver. Bile, which dissolves the fat in food, is produced by the liver, travels down the ducts and is stored in the gallbladder. The gallbladder receives a signal, “CCK”, from the stomach when we eat, especially with fatty foods. The gallbladder then squeezes the bile through the ducts into the intestine, where it mixes with the food.
Stones in the gallbladder can block the exit, causing pain, nausea, vomiting and bloating. The same symptoms occur if there are no gallstones but the gallbladder is not working well. Repeated episodes cause the gallbladder to become thickened, inflamed and diseased.
These problems are resolved by removing the gallbladder and stones contained in it. It is done as a day surgery, laparoscopically, with small incisions less than the width of a dime using a camera and clever instruments.